What Legal Rights Do You Have in the Metaverse? A Guide for Gamers

Bearded man standing with virtual reality headset in the metaverse while gaming


Gamers Legal Rights in the Metaverse 

The metaverse is a new digital realm that merges virtual, augmented, and physical reality. As a gamer, you may spend a lot of time in metaverse environments playing games, interacting with others, buying digital assets, and more. But what legal rights do you actually have in these new digital spaces? As the metaverse grows, understanding your rights is essential.

In this guide from Bull Blockchain Law, a leading blockchain and metaverse law firm, we’ll overview everything gamers need to know about their legal standing in different metaverse contexts. Read on for plain language explanations plus legal perspectives on topics like ownership of virtual assets, free speech, privacy, safety protocols, and resolving metaverse disputes. If you’d like more information, call us today at 215-695-5860.  

Virtual Asset Ownership

One of the most exciting things about the metaverse for gamers is the ability to buy unique digital assets like avatars, wearables, weapons, real estate parcels, and more. But who actually owns these virtual items?

You Maintain Copyright Over Your Original Creations

If you create something new in the metaverse, like designing an avatar skin or building a custom 3D object, you automatically hold the copyright to your creation. That means you retain exclusive rights to distribute, replicate, and sell your original work.

Gaming platforms and metaverse environments must respect your copyright over wholly new content you author. They cannot legally copy, share, or display your creations without proper attribution and permissions. It is important to consult ablockchain lawyerabout copyrights and ownership. 

You Own Virtual Items You Purchase or Earn

When you purchase a digital asset like an avatar accessory, spaceship, or pair of sneakers in the metaverse, you own that virtual item. The company behind themetaverse platform may limit trading of assets or take a cut of transactions. But as the buyer, you retain essential ownership rights like the ability to:

  • Resell or gift purchased assets

  • Modify or combine assets to create new items

  • Destroy or delete assets you possess

  • Use assets as collateral for loans or other financial tools

The same rules apply to items you earn through gameplay. If your skill and effort helped you secure a rare weapon or badge, for example, that virtual asset belongs to you.

Free Speech Protections

The ability to openly communicate and express yourself is a vital aspect of the metaverse. But do familiar free speech laws carry over into new virtual spaces?

The First Amendment May Not Apply

In the US, the First Amendment protects most offensive, disagreeable, and factually incorrect speech from censorship or legal penalty. 


Since metaverse platforms are operated by companies, they can constitutionally moderate communications and restrict expression they deem abusive, predatory, or otherwise inappropriate.

Decentralization May Expand Expression

Decentralized metaverses built on public blockchains have more potential to replicate free speech rights online. Without a central authority that can remove content or ban users, decentralized virtual worlds allow for greater freedom of expression.


However, decentralized platforms focused on gaming, social connection, and entertainment may still prohibit malicious, dangerous, or extremely offensive speech. And regulated decentralized environments that handle financial transactions will censor inappropriate content to meet legal requirements.


In general, private metaverse platforms will moderate communications more aggressively than decentralized ones. But no environment enables totally unchecked free speech. It is important to contact a blockchain attorney aboutmetaverse laws

Privacy Protections

As we spend more of our social, financial, and recreational lives in virtual worlds, privacy becomes a major concern. What personal data do metaverse platforms collect and share? And what legal safeguards protect our information?

Data Collection Notice Requirements

In the US, privacy laws like COPPA and the VPPA regulate how metaverse platforms gather, use, and disseminate users’ private data.


These regulations require clear data collection disclosures so gamers understand what information a metaverse environment harvests. Notice must include:

  • Specific data points captured

  • How data will be leveraged

  • With whom data might be shared

  • Terms for opting-out of collection

Strict penalties apply to platforms that collect or share private user data without proper notice and consent.

Special Protections for Children

COPPA has special stipulations to protect children’s privacy online. Metaverse platforms that knowingly collect data on kids under 13 must:

  • Post detailed data collection policies where children and guardians can easily review them

  • Obtain verifiable parental consent before gathering any information

  • Enable parents to fully delete their children’s data

  • Avoid behavioral advertising based on private child data


Violating COPPA opens metaverse platforms to extreme fines from the FTC.

Limited Protections for Biometrics

Emerging privacy laws also place special limitations around how platforms can leverage biometric data like scans of faces, fingerprints, retinas, voices, gait patterns, and more. Since biometrics allow identifying individuals across virtual and physical spaces, their collection and use raises grave privacy concerns.


Comprehensive federal biometric privacy legislation is still pending in the US. But a growing patchwork of state laws requires notice and consent for biometric data collection under certain conditions.

Decentralization Again Expands Privacy

Decentralized metaverse environments built on public blockchains offer stronger privacy protections than centralized ones. With no governing authority that stores user data, decentralized platforms have less risk of targeted data collection, sharing, or misuse.


However, decentralized platforms may still gather some private information like usernames, behavioral patterns, and transaction details recorded permanently on the public blockchain. 


Absolute privacy is difficult in digitally networked spaces, whether centralized or decentralized.

Safety & Security Protocols

Safety and security are also vital issues as the metaverse expands. Luckily, emerging crypto protocols offer some ways to help protect users from threats.

On-Chain Verified ID Improves Trust

Decentralized metaverse platforms can leverage blockchain tools like on-chain verified ID to build trust and accountability between users.

Using zero knowledge proofs and encryption, on-chain ID protocols enable sharing confirmed details like real names, ages, locations, criminal backgrounds, and more without revealing private data.


Verified ID allows effectively screening bad actors without enabling invasive personal data collection. And handshake protocols that share ID between approved users support forming trusted relationships.

Smart Contracts Automate Security

Another way decentralized metaverse platforms enhance safety is via smart contracts – automated blockchain-based agreements that execute when certain conditions are met.

Smart contracts enable setting complex access controls. For instance, a smart contract could automatically ban users who commit unauthorized violence or block adults from approaching child avatars.


Smart contracts can also freeze stolen funds and reverse unauthorized transactions by leveraging multi-signature approvals. And they allow global consensus-based arbitration of safety issues.


Combined with play-to-earn tokenomic structures, smart contracts incentivize protecting legitimate users from exploitation.

Resolving Metaverse Disputes

As gamers transact, create, socialize, and participate across the open metaverse, some disputes are inevitable around issues like virtual assault, censorship, copyright infringement, theft of digital assets, platform failures, illegal discrimination, and harassment.


But how can users reliably appeal judgments and resolve conflicts without unified regulation and mature case law to guide decisions? Several mechanisms show promise for decentralized justice.

Arbitration DAOs Promise Fair Judgments

DAO stands for “decentralized autonomous organization”. DAOs allow coordinated group action and resource management without centralized leadership.


Arbitration DAOs act as decentralized courts operated entirely by smart contracts and direct stakeholder votes. Arbitration DAOs have mechanisms to seat random but balanced juries from applicant pools. And they enable transparent hearings, evidence review, voting, and appealing decisions.


Combined with tokenized incentives that reward acting as an effective juror, arbitration DAOs are emerging as perhaps the most promising avenue for unbiased conflict resolution in decentralized metaverse settings.

Class Action Smart Contracts Seek Restitution

Beyond resolving individual disputes, class action style smart contracts may offer remedies when issues like theft, crashes, or exploitation impact a wider group.


These smart contracts collect signatories to document collective grievances. Then they trigger automated actions if certain quorum levels are reached – freezing funds of bad actors, rewarding white hat hackers who fix vulnerabilities, and distributing restitution to victims.


While still largely conceptual, automated class action mechanisms based in smart contract code rather than legal frameworks may effectively resolve mass conflicts common to open networks.

This covers the key legal issues that gamers should understand related to asset ownership, privacy, security, and conflict resolution in the metaverse. For more information or guidance managing real issues around your metaverse rights, contact ablockchain attorney

Key Takeaways Around Metaverse Rights for Gamers:

  • You maintain copyright protections and actual ownership over digital assets you create or purchase yourself

  • Free speech is more protected on decentralized metaverse platforms, but absolute unchecked expression remains unlikely

  • Privacy rights depend on regulatory compliance around data collection disclosures and consent

  • Emerging identification protocols and smart contracts enhance metaverse safety and security

  • Arbitration DAOs and class action style smart contracts offer methods to reliably resolve disputes


Now let’s explore a few lingering questions gamers may have around their legal standing in these young virtual environments.

Frequently Asked Questions About Gamers’ Metaverse Rights

1. Can I sue someone for assaulting my metaverse avatar?

It depends on context and local laws. If the onboard platform failed safety controls or protocols enabling an assault that caused measurable emotional, physical, or financial distress, the victim may have grounds for legal action in countries like the US and UK. However, suing an individual perpetrator directly remains difficult without clear legal frameworks covering virtual crime and harm.

2. Who governs speech and behavior in decentralized metaverse spaces?

There is no unified governance. However, decentralized metaverse platforms can leverage tools like arbitrary DAOs and coordinated social sanctions enabled by transparency on public blockchains to manage conduct proactively. Gamers themselves likely play the biggest role reporting offensive behavior and coordinating responses or remedies. Remember, you can always consult a blockchain attorney aboutlegal rules in the metaverse

3. Could I get banned from the metaverse?

Centralized metaverse platforms can legally ban users who violate stated community standards or terms of service. However, decentralized platforms built on permissionless public blockchains have no centralized authority that can forcibly exclude users from participating. Though in extreme cases, decentralized metaverse communities could collude to effectively ostracize bad actors.

4. What happens to my virtual assets if a metaverse platform is hacked or goes bankrupt?

It depends on context. For centralized metaverse platforms, users must rely on generous refund policies to restore lost assets following failures. Some jurisdictions protect purchased digital assets during provider bankruptcies.


However, virtual items stored solely on centralized servers could disappear forever following liquidation. Decentralized metaverse assets tracked on public blockchains remain under user control regardless of provider stability. But smart contract flaws could still expose decentralized assets to exploits.

5. Could I live full-time working and playing in the metaverse?

Absolutely. As virtual worlds grow more extensive and immersive with mature economic opportunities, living mainly in the metaverse could become viable and even appealing, especially as augmented and mixed reality technologies improve. Questions around legal residency and which jurisdictions’ laws apply to entities operating primarily in virtual rather than physical spaces remain unsettled. But for gaming and economic purposes, full-time metaverse citizenship seems inevitable.

Contacting a Blockchain Lawyer 

This covers the key questions around the legal rights gamers carry in the metaverse. Reach out to our team here atBull Blockchain Law with any other concerns around your potential issues or conflicts while spending time in virtual worlds. As blockchain lawyers focused on the metaverse space, we’re here to help protect your rights and provide reliable guidance on this new digital frontier of gaming. For your free consultation, call us today at 215-695-5860.  




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About Bull Blockchain Law

As lawyers, technologists, and entrepreneurs, the firm’s partners began their journey in the crypto industry by building and operating cryptocurrency mining machines and a private digital asset investment fund. They quickly realized that the industry was woefully underserved by legal professionals who grasped the impact blockchain technology would eventually have on the world. Bull Blockchain Law LLP was founded to support the growth of a new breed of technology. Today, the firm serves as counsel to clients of all sizes and an advocate for sound public policy. It remains one of the few law firms completely focused on the crypto industry.